Knee Arthritis- Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

What is knee arthritis?

Arthritis is a chronic pain condition that can affect any joint in the body, especially the knee. This chronic knee pain condition can arise in different forms, but it is extremely painful for patients and can get worse over time. Arthritis can cause several types of pain sensations that limit a patient’s function. Inflammation and deteriorating cartilage around the knee is the main result of chronic arthritis.

What causes knee arthritis?

At first, arthritis of the knee may seem like a chronic pain condition that only affects older patients. However, early onset arthritis affects young adults while juvenile arthritis exists in younger patients as well. Cartilage around the knee joint begins to wear down and deteriorate so this is what truly causes arthritis. Arthritis knee pain can also be caused by factors such as:

  • Age
  • Weight
  • Level of normal activity
  • Previous knee injuries
  • Infections to the knee joint

More pressure and stress put on the knees can lead to the breakdown of cartilage in between bones. Injuries and infections to the knee joint can also cause the cartilage to weaken so even a normal amount of weight may be painful.

How do I know if I have arthritis of the knee?

Any movement or bending of the knee will be painful if you suffer from arthritis. Arthritis can start with a minor case, but eventually develop into a chronic knee pain condition. Pay attention to the early signs and symptoms of arthritis like:

  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Stiffness in the knees
  • Redness of the skin around the knee
  • Limited function and range of motion
  • Pain feels worse in the mornings and in cold weather

How do I prevent arthritis of the knee?

As the cartilage between bones in the knee start to fade away, arthritis becomes more and more painful. Preserve the cartilage in your knees to lower your risk of chronic arthritis knee pain. Some lifestyle changes can be made to prevent arthritis including:

  • Losing weight
  • Exercising daily
  • Staying hydrated
  • Putting less stress on your joints