What is hip dysplasia?
Unfortunately, patients are often born with hip dysplasia. This chronic pain disorder is from a hip dislocation that leaves the joint with a shallow or mal-oriented socket. The head of the femur bone may also have an abnormal shape when hip dysplasia occurs. An average hip joint has a ball and socket shape where the femur fits perfectly into the pelvic bone. Dysplasia will leave the hip with overstretched ligaments and instability as the patient ages.
What causes hip dysplasia?
For infants, if the hip does not form correctly in the womb, they will most likely be born with hip dysplasia. The femur bone is loose within the socket. Most cases of adult hip dysplasia are because the patient did not receive treatment at an earlier age. So, an older patient may suffer from this condition, but it is more of a pediatric disorder. Genetics is the original cause of hip dysplasia. Children may start to develop hip pain as they grow and their growth can reveal the hip dysplasia diagnosis as well.
How do I know if I have hip dysplasia?
If your child is born with hip dysplasia, the doctor who delivers the baby will usually recognize this disorder. There are cases when hip dysplasia becomes more of a problem as the child ages though. If you or your child have any of these symptoms, it may be an early sign of hip dysplasia:
- Limping whenever walking
- One leg appears to be longer than the other
- The hip and leg on one side are more stiff or sensitive
How do I prevent hip dysplasia?
Since hip dysplasia results from family genetics, it is difficult to completely prevent this type of hip pain. If you know that hip dysplasia is common in your family, your child has a higher risk of being born with hip dysplasia. Luckily, physicians can spot this condition early on so a treatment plan can take place. Parents should always monitor their child’s growth and bring their baby in for regular doctor’s appointments during their first year. It is difficult to prevent hip dysplasia, but much easier when it comes to treatment.